We offer expert advice and assistance in all aspects of divorce, separation and family matters
We offer expert advice and assistance in all aspects of divorce, separation and family matters. We consider with you how best to resolve the issue and help you to achieve your aims.
When considering children matters, we aim to assist you in resolving matters in a way that reflects the best interests of the children.
We can help you in preparing agreements to reflect what you would wish to happen should your relationship break down and we can help you deal with any litigation arising either from divorce or break down of a relationship.
Whether advising in the context of divorce or separation we recognise and understand the level of stress and emotional trauma that accompanies the breakdown of a marriage. Our approach is to advise and assist in a sympathetic but objective manner. We are sensitive to the very personal issues involved and are able to recommend suitably qualified professional counsellors/mediators, where appropriate.
Married couples can dissolve their marriage through divorce. This ends the marriage and the divorced parties can then legally marry again.
The divorce process will depend on whether the marriage is a civil marriage or a customary marriage. Civil marriages are dissolved according to the rules and procedures set out in the Divorce Act.
There are a number of issues that need to be addressed in a divorce, including
- custody of the children
- access to the children
- dividing up property
The court system is the way disputes are decided, but there are now more effective and very different ways of resolving conflict than just going through our courts. Mediation is a voluntary and confidential process in which a mediator facilitates communication between the parties, assists them in identifying the issues to be settled and helping them reach a mutually agreeable resolution for their dispute. We specialize in mediating divorce and family issues.
Mediation can guide a couple through the many complex processes of divorce and can help them to make decisions regarding the division of their assets, custody, visitation rights and child support. We can also mediate and draft a Parenting Plan, offering a framework for divorced parents to help them to stay close to their children after the inevitable separation.
We assist clients in both maintenance claims in regard to a spouse as well as the children. When a couple get divorced, one party is often in a much better financial position than the other. In order for a court to award maintenance to a spouse there must be a need for such maintenance and an ability to pay. In case of maintenance of children both parents have a duty to support their children having due regard to their financial positions.
Rule 43 Applications
We assist clients in obtaining maintenance pending the finalisation of the divorce proceedings. A Rule 43 Application is an interim application which is brought mainly in cases of contested divorces in order to obtain interim relief pending finalisation of the divorce. The relief which can be requested include maintenance for the affected party, maintenance for the children, interim custody and control or access to the children and interim contributions towards legal costs.
Matrimonial Property & Proprietary Claims
We assist clients with advice regarding the proprietary claims in their marriage.
In a marriage in community of property, division of the joint estate is a natural consequence of a divorce. Forfeiture of benefits of the marriage in community of property can however be claimed by a party. The court would have regard to various factors i.e. the duration of the marriage, circumstances leading to the breakdown, misconduct of one of the parties etc.
Where the marriage is out of community of property specifically excluding the cruel system and entered into after 1 November 1994, on dissolution of the marriage in essence each spouse retains his or her own separate assets. There are, however various other potential claims which may be instituted based on moneys loaned and advanced, universal partnerships etc. Where a marriage is out of community of property without the accrual and entered before 1 November 1984 a redistribution order in terms of section 7 (3) of the divorce Act can potentially be claimed by a successful party. In order to be successful, a party must satisfy the court that he or she contributed directly or indirectly to the increase of the estate of the other.
Where the marriage is out of community of property subject to the accrual system the net assets of each spouse is determined. Any assets specifically excluded from the operation of the accrual in the Antenuptial Contract are excluded from the calculation.
Any commencement value, increase in accordance with the rise in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from date of marriage to date of divorce, is deducted from the accrual to each party's estate. The net results (estates) of each party are considered and the lesser net accrual deducted from the greater.
The net difference between the parties is then divided in two or in such other ratio as the parties may have agreed in their Antenuptial Contract and the party showing the greater accrual shall pay the other such amount in settlement of the patrimonial consequences of the marriage.
Family - Domestic Voilence and Abuse Interdicts
We assist clients in obtaining protection orders under the domestic violence act in cases where domestic violence has been committed. Domestic violence includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional, verbal and psychological abuse.
It further includes intimidation, harassment, stalking, and damage to property, entry into someone's residence without consent where the parties do not share the same residence or any other controlling or abusive behavior towards the complainant.
Visitation - Custody and Access
We assist clients in every aspect of obtaining custody, access and/or visitation rights as well as drafting proper parenting plans in terms of the new Children's Act. We also assist clients to obtain endorsement of Settlement Agreements at the family advocate where children's rights are at stake
Adopting a child in South Africa is a complex matter. We work in conjunction with social workers in private practice who offers personalised and professional services four South African and International adoptions.
In an age when one out of every three marriages fails, parties with a trail of prior relationships and marriages behind them may prefer to live together, rather than get married to each other. These couples and same-sex or heterosexual partners who choose not to get married should sign a domestic partnership ( life partnership or cohabitation) agreement to protect themselves should their relationship come to an end.
What is an Antenuptial Contract?
A contract entered into prior to marriage with the purpose of regulating the terms and conditions of the marriage. The parties to an antenuptial contract are the prospective spouses. Only prospective spouses that are free to marry each other or enter into a same-sex civil union may enter into an antenuptial contract.
Why is an Antenuptial Contract important?
If your spouse becomes indebted, to protect yourself against your spouses' creditors, it is crucial that you have an antenuptial contract that is registered at the Deeds Registry. The antenuptial contract must be signed prior to the marriage and registered within three months after signature.
What happens if you are married but forgot to enter into an Antenuptial Contract or want to change your marital regime?
Luckily for you there is a solution albeit a very costly solution. The High Court may authorise the postnuptial execution of a contract which in effect is an antenuptial contract if certain requirements are complied with. Contact our offices for more information in this regard.
The different types of marital regimes.
Read through the different types of marital regimes to see which one will best suit you and your prospective spouse. If you are still uncertain about which system would work best for you after reading this information, please contact our offices to set up a consultation in order to discuss the different regimes in more detail.
Community of Property
If you fail to enter into an antenuptial contract, you will automatically be married in community of property. You will share a joint estate with your spouse, meaning that you will be joint owners of everything within the joint estate, however you will also be liable for debt incurred within the joint estate, therefore if your spouse is reckless and incurs debt, you will be liable for the debt.
Here are a few more disadvantages:
If you sell immovable property, shares, stock, jewellery or any other property held as investments, you will need your spouse's written consent in order to do so.
If you wish to enter into a credit agreement, you will need written consent from your spouse.
If you intend to bind yourself as surety, you will need written consent from your spouse.
If you become insolvent, creditors are entitled to the joint estate, including separate property alongside the joint estate i.e. the wife's inheritance.
Marriages out of community of property with application of the accrual system
Each spouse is the owner of their own estate which means that they may own property independently of each other and are liable for their own debt.
Inheritances, legacies and donations, including assets acquired by virtue of them are excluded from accrual, unless the spouses agree otherwise in their antenuptial contract or if the testator or donor stipulate otherwise.
Marriages out of community of property excluding the accrual system
Each spouse is the owner of their own estate which means that they may own property independently of each other and are liable for their own debt. The difference lies in that when the marriage dissolves neither spouse has a claim against the other spouse, except for a possible maintenance claim.
By default a marriage is concluded IN Community of Property in the South African legal system. A couple about to get married will have to decide whether they would want to be married IN community of Property or OUT of community of property.
The only way to be married OUT of Community of Property, is to enter into a marital agreement, better known as an Antenuptial Contract (ANC), before the marriage is concluded. The Antenuptial Contract also has to be attested before an attorney who is a Notary prior to the marriage. The contract will then be registered in the applicable Deeds Registry Office.
Should a couple wish to enter into an Antenuptial Contract, there would be a further choice of whether the Accrual System is to be adopted or not. The accrual system can plainly be described as the ideal partnership for most relationships, giving you the benefit of separate estates but keeping the accrual of assets and debt from the date of marriage fair.